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Winokur's Glitter compositionns

Winokur #1

Pinkish magnalium glitter. Hygroscopic, but possibly useable.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate35
Strontium Nitrate15
Charcoal Airfloat13
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Sulfur10
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Dextrin5

Winokur #2

Pinkish magnalium glitter. Hygroscopic, but possibly useable.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Strontium Nitrate10
Charcoal Airfloat13
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Sulfur10
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Dextrin5

Winokur #3

Pinkish magnalium glitter. Hygroscopic, but possibly useable

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Sulfur9
Charcoal Airfloat8
Strontium Carbonate6
Dextrin4

Winokur #4

Pinkish magnalium glitter. Hygroscopic, but possibly useable

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Sulfur9
Charcoal Airfloat8
Strontium Oxalate6
Dextrin4

Winokur #5

Pinkish magnalium glitter. Hygroscopic, but possibly useable

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Sodium Nitrate10
Charcoal Airfloat10
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Sulfur9
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh9
Strontium Oxalate8
Dextrin4

Winokur #6

A white glitter with a rather high percentage of antimony trisulfide. This typifies some of the traditional white glitter formulae. The high antimony content probably makes it too expensive for regular use today

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate53
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle16
Charcoal Airfloat13
Sulfur9
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron4.5
Dextrin4.5

Winokur #7

Gold glitter that uses sodium oxalate to enhance the glitter without the use of antimony trisulfide. Sodium bicarbonate may replace the oxalate with similar results. It is probably too hygroscopic for ordinary use. 

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate35
Barium Nitrate20
Sulfur14
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron9
Sodium Oxalate8
Dextrin4

Winokur #8

Reasonably good white Mag/Al glitter that uses iron oxide and sulfur to replace antimony trisulfide. While the effect is inferior to antimony, the formula is still useable.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate37
Barium Nitrate15
Sulfur15
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh13
Charcoal Airfloat10
Iron (III) Oxide Red6
Dextrin4

Winokur #9

A reasonably good white glitter that uses barium nitrate as both the oxidizer and the retardant.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate35
Barium Nitrate20
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle9
Dextrin4

Winokur #10

Excellent white glitter with long tail, and fine grain. Flashes are dense and of the asymmetrical type.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate35
Barium Nitrate20
Sulfur17
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron14
Charcoal Airfloat10
Dextrin4

Winokur #11

Excellent white glitter with long tail, and fine grain. Flashes are dense and of the asymmetrical type.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Barium Nitrate20
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron14
Sulfur10
Charcoal Airfloat10
Dextrin5
Iron (III) Oxide Red1

Winokur #12

Excellent white glitter with long tail, and fine grain. Flashes are dense and of the asymmetrical type.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate55
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron14
Charcoal Airfloat11
Sulfur8
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle5
Dextrin4
Strontium Carbonate3

Winokur #13

Unusual “off-white” glitter with attractive lacy effect especially when viewed close up. Has debris laden flashes.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Charcoal Airfloat9
Sulfur9
Sodium Bicarbonate9
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron6
Dextrin4
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh4

Winokur #15

Gold magnalium glitter. Large flashes, good delay and long tail if moving at slow speeds. Good terminal delay. 15 and 16 show the non-critical percentages for this sort of mixture.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate48
Magnalium Granular -325 mesh14
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Charcoal Airfloat9
Sulfur9
Sodium Bicarbonate7
Dextrin4

Winokur #16

Gold magnalium glitter. Large flashes, good delay and long tail if moving at slow speeds. Good terminal delay. 15 and 16 show the non-critical percentages for this sort of mixture.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate48
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Charcoal Airfloat11
Sulfur9
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle9
Sodium Bicarbonate7
Dextrin4

Winokur #17

White coarse grained glitter. Similar to Win 15 and 16 except white in color instead of gold. An excellent effect.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate47
Charcoal Airfloat13
Sulfur13
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Dextrin5

Winokur #18

White coarse grained glitter. Similar to Win 15 and 16 except white in color instead of gold. An excellent effect.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Sulfur 15
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh13
Charcoal Airfloat10
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle7
Dextrin5

Winokur #19

Coarse gold glitter with short tail, moderate density, and good delay. The advantage is that it doesn't contain antimony trisulfide, making it a cheaper glitter comp.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Sulfur20
Charcoal Airfloat10
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh10
Sodium Bicarbonate6
Dextrin4

Winokur #20

Gold glitter similar to Win 19, with very long delay. Produces no very distinctive tail and tends to produce a “twinkler effect”, very large glitter flashes being widely dispersed giving a strobe like appearance.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate48
Sulfur17
Magnalium Granular -200 mesh12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sodium Bicarbonate5
Iron (III) Oxide Red4
Dextrin4

Winokur #21

Medium grained dense gold glitter using baking soda as a burning inhibitor and glitter enhancer. Marginally better than #23.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate52
Sulfur15
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle6
Sodium Bicarbonate6
Dextrin5

Winokur #22

Medium grained dense gold glitter using baking soda as a burning inhibitor and glitter enhancer. Marginally better than #23.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Sulfur18
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron8
Sodium Bicarbonate6
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle4
Dextrin4

Winokur #23

Medium grained dense gold glitter using baking soda as a burning inhibitor and glitter enhancer. Marginally worse than 21 and 22 due to the lack of antimony sulphide.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Sulfur20
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron8
Sodium Bicarbonate8
Dextrin4

Winokur #24

Produces a good gold glitter with excellent color and good delay. Unfortunately, it is quite hygroscopic. Somewhat less hygroscopic than the same formula with sodium nitrate substituted in for the sodium chloride

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate52
Sulfur21
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Sodium Chloride6
Dextrin5

Winokur #25

A gold glitter with similar characteristics to #26. Appears to be quite sensitive to the amount of moisture used, no more than 8% water should be used when mixing. The low usage of expensive metals makes this a very cheap formula ideally suited for comets.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate52
Sulfur17
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Sodium Bicarbonate5
Iron (III) Oxide Red5
Dextrin5

Winokur #26

An excellent white glitter with fairly large flashes and a medium short tail when moving at high speeds. Not a very fast burning mixture. Gives a long tail when free falling, and is well suited to willow type effects. Cheap and non-hygroscopic. The low usage of expensive metals makes this a very cheap formula ideally suited for comets

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate52
Sulfur21
Charcoal Airfloat10
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Iron (III) Oxide Red6
Caren Rials20

Winokur #27

A delicate, fine grained, “off-white” glitter that produces small but symmetrical flashes of moderate density and delay. Fallout with this formula is large enough to pose a potential problem. Slightly hygroscopic, but usable. Inferior to #28-30

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Charcoal Airfloat9
Sulfur 9
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron9
Sodium Bicarbonate9
Dextrin4

Winokur #28

A delicate, fine grained, “off-white” glitter that produces small but symmetrical flashes of moderate density and delay. Slightly hygroscopic, but usable. Dark aluminium is added to solve problems with fallout and increase flash density. Substituting sodium oxalate for sodium bicarbonate results in a similar effect but noticeably less fallout. #28, 29, and 30 are all very similar.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Charcoal Airfloat9
Sulfur9
Sodium Bicarbonate9
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Dextrin4
Aluminium Dark Flake -325 mesh3

Winokur #29

A delicate, fine grained, “off-white” glitter that produces small but symmetrical flashes of moderate density and delay. Slightly hygroscopic, but usable. Dark aluminium is added to solve problems with fallout and increase flash density. Substituting sodium oxalate for sodium bicarbonate results in a similar effect but noticeably less fallout. #28, 29, and 30 are all very similar.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle15
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Sodium Bicarbonate7
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron7
Dextrin4
Aluminium Dark Flake -325 mesh1

Winokur #30

A delicate, fine grained, “off-white” glitter that produces small but symmetrical flashes of moderate density and delay. Slightly hygroscopic, but usable. Dark aluminium is added to solve problems with fallout and increase flash density. Substituting sodium oxalate for sodium bicarbonate results in a similar effect but noticeably less fallout. #28, 29, and 30 are all very similar.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate50
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle10
Charcoal Airfloat9
Sulfur9
Sodium Bicarbonate8
Aluminium Flake Bright -325 mesh - 36 micron6
Dextrin4
Aluminium Dark Flake -325 mesh4

Winokur #31

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results. 

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate45
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Barium Nitrate10
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Dextrin5
Iron (III) Oxide Red4
Barium Carbonate4

Winokur #32

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Fierce burning. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate38
Barium Nitrate14
Sulfur13
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Iron (III) Oxide Red8
Dextrin5

Winokur #33

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Fierce burning. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate43
Barium Nitrate13
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron13
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Iron (III) Oxide Red7
Dextrin4

Winokur #34

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Fierce burning. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results. 

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Barium Nitrate16
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Iron (III) Oxide Red7
Dextrin5

Winokur #35

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results. 

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate36
Barium Nitrate16
Sulfur13
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Iron (III) Oxide Red8
Dextrin5

Winokur #36

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Marginally longer delay than #35-38, but with noticeably lower density and some significant fallout. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate38
Barium Nitrate16
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Charcoal Airfloat10
Sulfur10
Iron (III) Oxide Red10
Dextrin4

Winokur #37

Excellent, cheap white glitter with medium sized flashes. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Barium Nitrate14
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Sulfur11
Charcoal Airfloat10
Iron (III) Oxide Red7
Dextrin4
Barium Carbonate2

Winokur #38

White glitter with medium size flashes. Charcoal is the burning retardant. Excellent star with long tail and large flashes. Moisture exceeding 8% produces inferior results

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate40
Barium Nitrate13
Sulfur12
Charcoal Airfloat12
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron12
Iron (III) Oxide Red7
Dextrin4

Winokur #39

Unusual and peculiarly attractive effect. Produced dense white, fine trained tail with asymmetric flashes. The delay is quite long, as is the length and duration of the tail. Most flashes are long lasting and have long curved trajectories. The jetting flashes result in particularly elegant effect. Originated from the Jacob’s Ladder formula potentially made by Pain’s in Britain

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate51
Charcoal Airfloat19
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle12
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron8
Barium Carbonate5
Dextrin5

Winokur #39J

Use 2% barium carbonate for first prime layer. Use 6 to 6.5 percent moisture for comets and crossettes. A modification of Win39 made by Tom Rebenklau.

ChemicalQuantity %
Potassium Nitrate51
Charcoal Airfloat19
Antimony Trisulfide, Chinese Needle12
Aluminium Atomised Spherical 120 - 325 mesh - 20 micron9
Barium Carbonate5
Dextrin4
Magnalium Granular -60 mesh+2.5

All credit goes to Mr. Robert Winokur for providing the firework community with a range of wonderful glitter compositions. Note: Many of these glitters have been posted incorrectly throughout the internet. These compositions have been checked and changed accordingly and have had extended descriptions added that were taken out of the original book. They were then cross referenced with Passfire to ensure accuracy. 




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